Taxila is a significant archaeological site in the Indian subcontinent located in the modern city with the same name in Punjab, Pakistan. It lies about 32 km (20 mi) north-west of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, just off the famous Grand Trunk Road.
Ancient Taxila was situated at the pivotal junction of the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. The origin of Taxila as a city goes back to c. 1000 BCE. Some ruins at the Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE followed successively by Mauryan Empire, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, and Kushan Empire periods.
According to the Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation, Taxila is the abode of many splendid Buddhist establishments. Over 3000 years old, it is the main center of Gandhara. It is 35km from the capital, Islamabad. It was designated a World Heritage Site in 1980.