The region that is present-day Pakistan once had a large Buddhist population with the majority of people in Gandhara being Buddhist. Gandhara was largely Mahayana Buddhist and was also a stronghold of Vajrayana Buddhism. The Swat valley, known in historical circles as Uddiyana, was a kingdom tributary to Gandhara. There are many archaeological sites from the Buddhist era in Swat.
For people aspiring to travel to this part of the world, especially for visiting Buddhist sites, we present the following itinerary.